Surgical Intervention For Weight Loss

Surgical Intervention For Weight Loss

For majority of people, losing weight in natural way seems hopeless, and finding the easiest solution to their problem is most likely considered, and that is to undergone surgery. 

But, it doesn't mean that anyone can have the weight loss surgery as there are some criteria to consider if the person is candidate for surgical procedure or not. One criterion is having BMI of 40 kg/m2 or greater when the diet program and exercises were no longer effective in losing weight. 

This weight loss surgery is better known as Bariatric surgery and most of the surgical procedures for losing weight aim to reduce the size of the stomach. 

The concept behind Bariatric procedure in reducing the size of stomach is to decrease its elasticity affecting stomach's storage capacity for food. 

Thus, it signals the brain when it reaches its limit, occupying the now smaller pouch making a person to feel a replete stomach with just little amount of food. 

There can be variation with the types of procedure in weight loss surgery, but it still focuses to this specific idea. To put it simply, the procedure could make you feel full easily. 

However, before the procedure, the surgeon explains fully the consequences and possible chronic side effects of the weight loss procedure like malabsorption and gallbladder disease. 

In contrast, many health benefits were seen after the weight loss surgery brought about by obesity, and these are decrease cardiovascular risks and recovery from diabetes resulting to reduce rate of mortality among the group. 

 Gastric Sleeve

This type of weight loss surgery removes more than half of the stomach, leaving only sleeve of the stomach. Again, the now narrower stomach only receives small amount of food that is just little enough to make one to feel full. 

The result of small food intake is effective for losing weight. Also, in this procedure, it removes portion of the stomach that produces a hormone that can make you feel hungry, decreasing the appetite. This is simpler, yet effective, as it only involves the stomach, unlike gastric bypass that involves rerouting part of the intestine.
Gastric Banding

In this type of weight loss surgery, it uses an adjustable silicone gastric band placed around the upper portion of the stomach restricting food intake. 

The created narrow passage of food delays its emptying and it causes a feeling of full stomach. The good thing to this type of weight loss surgery is that it doesn't involve cutting some portion of the stomach. 

Gastric Bypass

It is a surgical bypass operation performed to restrict food intake and reduce absorption of calories and nutrients, typically involves reducing the size of the stomach and reconnecting the smaller stomach to bypass the first portion of the small intestine. This weight loss operation is more invasive as compared with the former type.

Gastric Plication

This weight loss surgery is relatively new. The procedure involves vertical folding of the stomach towards the inside to reduce its size. 

Unlike Gastric Sleeve, this one is reversible when the desired weight is achieved. Also, unlike Gastric Bypass, this procedure doesn't involve rerouting of the intestine. 



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