Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery:

Most of you might have heard this term in the recent times. The usage of this term is increasing day by day. It is due to the increase in the number of obese during these days. 

So, what is a bariatric surgery? I am here to give you an introduction to this term. Just check out and gain knowledge.

This is commonly known as ‘weight loss surgery’ which is including a number of procedures being performed on obese people. This is an operation that will be conducted on your stomach or intestines. 

Herein, weight loss will be achieved by the reduction of stomach size with the gastric band or by the removal of a portion of stomach. With the operation conducted on intestines, the weight loss would be achieved by re-routing your small intestines to the small stomach pouch.

On whom it is performed?

Bariatric surgery will be an option for anyone who could not lose weight by any other means or who are suffering from serious health issues relating to obesity. Many of the long-term studies have proven that these procedures would cause significant long-term weight loss and some other benefits as follows:

                                 Recovery from diabetes

                        Improvements in cardiovascular risk

Decrease in mortality from 40% to 23%

It is to be noted that the U.S. National Institutes of Health is recommending bariatric surgeries for all 

the obese people who are having a BMI of 40 and for people with BMI of 35 co-existing with medical conditions.

Types Involved in Bariatric Surgery:

The bariatric surgery can be broadly classified into three major groups which are:

Predominantly malabsorptive procedures

Predominantly restrictive procedures

Mixed procedures

Predominantly Malabsorptive Procedures:

You must note that although these procedures would reduce your stomach size, the efficiency of these 

procedures would be derived by creating a physiological condition of ‘malabsorption’. Following are the 

different procedures under this classification:

1. Biliopancreatic diversion

2. Jejunoileal bypass

3. Endoluminal sleeve

Predominantly Restrictive Procedures:

These are solely restrictive and would act to decrease the oral intake by limiting your gastric volume. 

These procedures would produce early satiety and leave your alimentary canal in continuity. By this way, these procedures are lowering the risks of metabolic complications. Following are the various procedures under this category:

1. Vertical banded gastroplasty

2. Adjustable gastric band

3. Sleeve gastrectomy

4. Intragastric balloon

5. Gastric placation

Mixed Procedures:

These would involve techniques mentioned in both the above two categories and will be performed simultaneously. The types of mixed procedures are:

1. Gastric bypass surgery

2. Sleeve gastrectomy with duodenal switch

3. Implantable gastric stimulation

What after Your Bariatric Surgery?

As soon as your bariatric surgery is over, you will be restricted to a clear liquid diet. This diet would include foods like clear broth, diluted juices and gelatin desserts. 

This kind of diet will be continued until your gastrointestinal tract is recovered from surgical procedure. In the next stage, you will be provided a blended sugar-free diet for a minimum period of two weeks.

Following your surgery, overeating will be curbed. This is because exceeding your stomach’s capacity would cause nausea and vomiting. 

After recovering from your surgical procedure, you will be prescribed with the diet restrictions which would depend upon the type of surgery you faced. Most probably, this diet would be high protein and less fat.

Your Fluid Intake:

You will face volume depletion and dehydration within the first month after your surgery. No need to worry as it very common. 

You may have difficulty in drinking the sufficient amount of fluids. However, in order to prevent fluid volume depletion, at least 48 to 64 fl oz need to be consumed all through the day.

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Hi My Name is Krissy, Full Time Blogger :)
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